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New Guidance on Gifts In-Kind for Non-Profit Entities

Feb 1, 2022

The new ASU 2020-07 standard for not-for-profit entities provides much-needed guidance that establishes changes for financial statement users regarding the amounts and types of gifts in-kind received. This standard includes contributed nonfinancial assets and services (gifts in kind); however, it does not change the accounting for these in-kind donations. Only the presentation and disclosure of this kind of charitable giving are impacted by these changes.

The new standard should be applied on a retrospective basis and is effective for annual periods beginning after June 15, 2021, and interim periods within annual periods after June 15, 2022, and early adoption is permitted.

Not-for-profit entities are now required by ASU 2020-07 to present gifts in-kind as a separate line in the statement of activities separate from contributions of cash and other financial assets. This particular requirement is met by two different presentation types.

The first presentation option is that the in-kind revenue can be presented on its own row in the statement of activities.

Changes in net assets without donor restrictions
Revenues and gains
Contributions $8,570 Old presentation
Contributions of cash and other financial assets $5,820
Contributions of nonfinancial assets $2,750
Changes in net assets with donor restrictions
Contributions $8,570 Old presentation
Contributions of cash and other financial assets $5,820
Contributions of nonfinancial assets $2,750

 

The second presentation option is to present in a columnar format.

Without Donor Restrictions With Donor Restrictions Total
Revenues, gains, and other support:
Contributions $8,570 $7,750 $16,320 Old presentation
Contributions of cash and other financial assets $5,820 $6,550 $12,370
Contributions of nonfinancial assets 2,750 1,200 3,950

 

In addition, this standard requires non-for-profit entities to disclose the disaggregation of the amount of gifts in-kind by categories that describes the type of in-kind gift within the statement of activities. For each category of in-kind gift recognized, the following must be disclosed in the notes to the financial statements:

  • Qualitative information regarding if the in-kind gift was monetized or used during the reporting period
    •  If it was monetized, then disclose the programs or other activities in which the in-kind gifts were used
  • The entity’s policy—if applicable—about monetizing rather than using the in-kind gifts
  • Description of any donor-imposed restrictions associated with the in-kind gifts
  • Description of the valuation techniques and inputs used to arrive at initial recognition following the guidance of FASB ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement
    • It is likely that the entity has already determined the fair value
  • If the entity is prohibited by a donor-imposed restriction from selling or using the in-kind gift, then the principal market should be used to arrive at a fair value measure

The information concluded from initial recognition may be disclosed in a tabular or in narrative format.

It’s crucial for nonprofit entities to remember that the types of contributed services that can be recognized must meet the criteria in FASB ASC 958-605-55. The ASU 2020-07 standard does not change previously issued guidance on the recognition of contributed services or required disclosures.

When dealing with understanding the application of this new standard within your nonprofit, it helps to have an engagement team that can decipher specific guidance and provide you with meaningful recommendations. If you have questions regarding compliance with the new ADU 2020-07 standard, reach out to a CRI advisor for more information.

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