What is a captive insurance company? This is a common question and one that can be answered in many different ways, as there are numerous different captive programs and structuring options. Perhaps the simplest definition of a captive insurance company is an insurance company that is owned by its insured(s). Captives are real insurance companies that are regulated by a state department of insurance but have a limited base of insured(s), which can consist of a single parent organization or multiple entities through a group or segregated cell arrangement. There are many potential benefits to be gained through ownership in a captive insurance company.
The most common benefits cited are the retention of underwriting profits within the organization, greater control over the claim management and underwriting process, increased underwriting flexibility, access to global reinsurance markets, and favorable tax treatment over traditional self-insurance. However, the benefits of captive ownership can span beyond these basic benefits if managed and utilized effectively:
1. Flexibility for hard-to-insure and emerging risks
Another significant aspect of captive insurance programs is their flexibility, especially within emerging risks markets. The commercial market is often hesitant to underwrite new and emerging risks where the risk of loss is hard to quantify due to the lack of historical knowledge or other underwriting concerns.
A captive can be utilized to fill in coverage gaps that exist in commercial policies, underwrite risks that are not available on the commercial market, or provide coverage limits that are hard to insure commercially. Some examples of these include:
- cyber risk coverages
- loss of electronic medical records
- telehealth and telemedicine coverages
- loss of key third-party payor coverage
- breach of privacy coverage
- regulatory change coverage
- batch claim coverage
- legacy risks of acquired organizations
These risks, and more, are often hard to insure in the commercial marketplace.
An important consideration for many insureds is access to reinsurance, particularly when premium costs are rising and benefits coverages become harder to obtain (often referred to as a “hard market” for insurance). Captives can be utilized to gain access to reinsurance markets, a key driver for many captive participants through fronting carrier arrangements, risk pools, participating in or forming risk retention groups, or utilizing other captive insurance structures. Many participants have found captives to be an effective tool in leveraging retained coverages with reinsurance benefits to manage their risk exposures most effectively.
2. Potential Tax Benefits
The tax benefits that may be available should never be the driving focus for forming a captive insurance company and are often small in comparison to the risk management benefits obtained. However, there are key tax benefits that can be derived from a captive insurance arrangement. First, losses for a self-insured company, or one that has a large deductible built into its commercial coverages, cannot be deducted until the loss event occurs. In many cases, a captive insurance company can deduct its estimated liabilities for losses that have occurred but have not yet been reported allowing for quicker tax deductions on losses. Additionally, smaller captive programs whose overall premiums written are below $2,450,000 (adjusted annually for inflation) and who meet certain other criteria may be able to accumulate underwriting profits within a captive insurance company tax-free At the same time, the provider organization takes a deduction for the premiums paid into the captive since 831(b) captives are only taxed on their investment earnings.
3. Increased Control
Captive insurance companies can also give the provider organization increased control over the underwriting, claims management, and investment processes. In the underwriting process, they can customize their coverage by removing standard items that are not needed or adding tailored coverage lines that may be limited or not available in the commercial marketplace. It also allows them to exercise more control over deductible and self-insured retention layers. On the claims management side, commercial insurers have become quick to settle claims in an effort to manage their overall litigation costs, which can often result in unfavorable losses for provider organizations, especially those with large deductible layers or self-insured retention layers built into their commercial policies. A captive program allows the provider organization increased control over the claims management process, allowing them to manage internally or appoint their own third-party administrator for claims. This allows the provider to be more selective over which claims should be litigated and which claims should be settled to manage those claims effectively. Additionally, the captive allows for greater control over the investment of premium dollars, allowing the organization to align their premium financing with the organization’s risk management goals.
Finally, many captive participants in higher-risk industries have found themselves with better safety and risk management programs as a result of being captive program participants. To maximize the benefits of captives, these organizations have adjusted their risk management programs to be more effective and, as a result, have begun to realize better claims results.
Is your organization considering forming or participating in a captive? Successfully overseeing a captive can be a complex endeavor, but partnering with CRI’s knowledgeable captive insurance auditors and advisors can help turn this process into a much clearer picture. Give your CRI Captive Insurance professional a call today if you are ready to get moving in the right direction.
Employee Versus Contractor: A Crucial Distinction for Every Organization
Bolster Cash Flow With a Cost Segregation Lookback Study
Cryptocurrency Fundamentals for Financial Institutions
Is Your Rental Real Estate a Business?
GASB Pronouncement Effective Dates
Local Governments & The Final Rule: Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal...
S3:E7 – The Transaction Timeline: The 5 Stages of Selling Your...
What is Section 1071, and Why is it Important for Your...
5 Tips for Lessening Stress with Nonprofit Audit Preparation
Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds
Manufacturing Inventory Accuracy Counts
3 Benefits of Creating a Captive Insurance Company
S3:E6 – Common ACFR Errors
Protect What Matters: Estate Planning in Uncertain Times
A Comparison of Education Tax Credits for 2022￼
S3:E5 – Heads up, Grant Professionals!
How Has COVID-19 Affected Business Valuations?
A New Significant Victory for Micro-Captives: IRS Notice 2016-66 Vacated!
Reporting Computer-Security Incidents: Is your Community Bank ready?
What Does a Cash Balance Plan Mean for You?
The Name’s Bond, Government Bond
Setting Nonprofit Executive Compensation
Promises to Give: Not-for-Profit Accounting Primer
Does Working Remotely During the Pandemic Mean You Owe More Income...
Still Confused About Whether to Deduct That Business Meal?
New HITRUST Assessments Give Companies More Options for Security Reporting
ICBA Live 2022 Conference Recap
You Could Owe “Nanny Taxes” Even If You Don’t Have Kids
You Overfunded a 529 Plan. Now What?
Nonprofit Board Review of Form 990
Managing ESG Risks in the Oil and Gas Industry
Charitable Lead Trust vs. Charitable Remainder Trust: A Comparison
S3:E4 – SSAE No. 21 | Direct Examination Engagements
Going Concern Issues for Nonprofits
Improve Medical Practice Productivity with Non-Physician Providers
Five Internal Controls to Prevent Fraud in Nonprofits
Safeguard Your Assets During a Divorce — Before You Get Married
Differences in Public Charities and Private Foundations
S3:E3 – Panic! At the IRS Disco
Top 5 Accounting Questions to Ask Your CPA
Report Fundraising Events on Form 990
3 Grant Writing Tips to Help Not-For-Profit Organizations
Health Savings Accounts Offer Big Tax Benefits Now and in Retirement
Short on Cash? Gift-in-Kind Donations Can Also Help Support Charities
Estate Planning FAQ
Transfer Your Wealth Using a Dynasty Trust
Two Types of Charitable Trusts You Should Know About
New Guidance on Gifts In-Kind for Non-Profit Entities
S3:E2 – Count Yourself in to a Career in Tax Accounting
Captive Insurance Taxation
S3:E1 – Fill Me in On NIL (Name, Image, Likeness)
Tax Alert: Received a Letter from the IRS? Hold Onto It!
Top 5 Priorities for Small and Mid-Sized Organizations in 2022
A Look at Internal Controls and Processes for Evaluating Vendors
Getting the Most Out of Your Remote Audit
Moving to a New State? Don’t Make These Tax Mistakes
Coronavirus Relief Funds – Getting Ready for Your Single Audit
IRS Extends Federal Tax Filing Deadline for Victims of December Kentucky...
Does Your Organization Need an Internal Audit?
2022 Cost of Living Adjustments Chart
What a Single Audit Means for Your Organization
Straddling the Fence: Should You Co-Source or Outsource Your Internal Audit?
Help Your Business Finish Strong with These 10 Year-End Tasks
IRS Clarifies Rules on 100% Deduction for Per-Diem “Meals”
COVID-19 Funding Best Practices, Accounting Treatment, and Single Audit Implications
Have You Completed These 5 Year-End Financial Planning Tasks?
Cybersecurity Trend to Watch in 2021: Cyber Supply Chain Risk
Outsourced Accounting Reference Guide: How Collaborating Can Help You Reach Your...
Fiduciary Matters: How to Be the Best Trustee for Your Organization’s...
It’s a Marathon, Not a Sprint: Going the Distance for Outsourced...
2021 Year-End Tax Planning for Businesses: Strategize, Optimize, Maximize
2021 Year-End Tax Planning for Individuals & Families: Strategize, Optimize, Maximize
Conference Recap – AICPA 2021 National Conference on Banks and Savings...
CECL: It’s Getting WARM in Here Webinar
Credit Memorandum Best Practices and “The 5 C’s”
It’s a Marathon, Not a Sprint: Going the Distance for Outsourced...
Keeper of the Vault: A Business Owner’s Guide to Cybersecurity
Federal American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 (ARPA)
COVID-19 Quick Hits: American Rescue Plan Act Overview
Risky Business: Comparing Risk Levels of MRBs
Employee Retention Credit Information Sheet
IRS Employee Tax Forms: A Checklist for Small Businesses
IRS Income Tax Forms: A Checklist for Small Businesses
Digital Transformation Starts With Process, Not Technology
What’s New from GASB: An Update on the Latest Standards
Homeowner Assistance Fund – What Tribes and Applicants Need to Know
CECL: It’s Getting WARM in Here
Homeowner Assistance Fund – You Don’t Know the HAF of it!
American Rescue Plan for Governments: The Resources Available
Potential Proposals on the Horizon: It’s Time to Prepare Your Estate...
Anti-Money Laundering (AML) and Cannabis Banking: Is Your Financial Institution Ready?
It’s a Marathon, Not a Sprint: Going the Distance for Outsourced...
Strategic Use of ARP Government Funds for Long-Term Success
Time to Pivot? How Your CPA Can Help You Adapt to...
Compliance Management System (CMS) – A Refresher
The Basics of Grantor Retained Annuity Trusts
Tax Considerations for Buyers Contemplating Mergers & Acquisitions
What Role Does Life Insurance Play in Estate Planning?
Taking a Fresh Look at Bankruptcy
2021 Insurance Update: What’s Next?
Start From the T.O.P Down: Ways You Can Improve Your Organization’s...
The Basics of Spousal Lifetime Access Trusts
When E-Commerce Sellers Would Benefit from Hiring an Accountant
Internal Controls: Governmental Challenges and Opportunities
IRS Clarifies Temporary 100% Deduction for Restaurant-Purchased Meals
Hired Any Recently Unemployed Workers? Let Them Know About New Exclusion...
Make Better Business Decisions with Financial Modeling
Succession planning is a difficult, but necessary, subject for a contractor
Rate Reform – Why is LIBOR Going Away, and What Will...
Clear Vision: Moving Your Business Forward with Confidence
Five Overlooked Tax Breaks for Contractors and Manufacturers
Exit Strategies: Preparing Your Manufacturing Business for Transfer of Ownership
How Contractors Can Bridge the Age Gap
Enhance Your Technology Tool Kit for Improved Productivity
Tax Strategies for Special Needs Families
Healthcare 2021: The State of Our Industry
Why Profits Do Not Always Lead to a Positive Cash Flow...
IRS Provides Guidance on Cafeteria Plan Balance Carryovers
Updates to the AICPA’s SAS No. 134 through SAS No. 140
SSAE No. 21 – Direct Examination Engagements
Not-For-Profit Revenue Recognition
Don’t Jeopardize Your S Corporation Status
Fiduciary Activities & Leases: A Tale of Two Standards – GASB...
Now or Later? Weighing 15-year Depreciation vs. 100% Bonus Depreciation for...
How to Spot Three Common Tax Scams
Insurance Companies and the IRS: What’s on the Horizon?
The Anti-Money Laundering Act of 2020: An Overview
Federal Audit Clearinghouse Extended Submission Dates FAQs
When Can You Deduct Data Breach Costs?
Boost Your Cash Flow with Net Operating Loss Carrybacks
What’s Next for Hemp-Related Businesses?
Considering a Conversion from Traditional IRA to Roth? Think Twice.
Making Intrafamily Loans with Intentionally Defective Grantor Trusts
The IRA: A Solid Estate Planning Tool in Times of Uncertainty
How MaaS Is Revolutionizing Manufacturing
Export Tax Incentives for Manufacturers
Meals & Entertainment
Credit Risk Management in an Unpredictable Environment
Insurance Companies and the IRS: A Downward Trend in Examinations
Exempt Organizations: IRS Issues Final Rules on 21% Excise Tax on...
Coloring Inside the Lines of Nonprofit Governance
How Does Your Industry Affect Your Cybersecurity Risk?
USDA Issues Final Rules on Hemp Production
Not-So-Safe Harbor? Navigating the QBI Rules for Rental Real Estate Businesses
Current FDICIA Regulatory Relief – What You Need to Know Now...
Disasters Never Rest, So Take Time Now to Protect Key Documents...
5 Things to Remember About Substantiating Charitable Donations
Considerations for Banking Cannabis-Related Businesses
Yes, Operational Planning Is Still Important
Does Your Home Office Qualify for a Tax Deduction?
Shutting Down a Business? Updated Resources Available from IRS
Lending Money to Family? Be Sure to Stay on the Right...
Updates to the Long-Anticipated Compliance Supplement Addendum
Preparing for Third-Party Payer Audits
Virtual Panel – Accounting & Business Outsourcing: Success Stories
Surviving in a Tough Economy: Cash Protection Strategies During an Economic...
Five Ways to Make Invoice Processing More Effective
COVID/CARES Act: How to Account For It and Pass the Single...
Is It Time for Cloud Accounting?
Watching the Horizon: Do You Have the Data You Need to...
Real-Time Results: How Dashboards Can Help You Move Your Small Business...
Key Factors that Drive Reimbursement in the PDPM Model
Pooled Income Funds Benefit Both Donor and Charity
What’s Behind the Hype About Donor-Advised Funds?
Don’t Get Ready for Fiscal Year-End. Stay Ready.
Accounting & Business Outsourcing: How to Become a Results-Focused, Data-Driven Organization
CECL: Impact to Date and the Road Ahead
Businesses Face Challenges When Expanding Their Remote Workforce
Helpful Tips for Completing Medicare Cost Reports
5 Savvy Black Friday Weekend Shopping Tips to Put In Your...
Technology Innovations Impacting the Insurance Industry
10 Anti-Fraud Recommendations for Community Associations
Hospital Price Transparency
Tax Implications of Debt and Equity Financing
Building Your Ideal Captive Board
Don’t Sleep on CECL
Social Engineering Attacks: Considerations for SMBs
Smarter Giving: Four Things to Know When Considering Charitable Contributions
Security Implications of a Remote Work Environment
How Important is Compliance with Government Regulations to a Firm’s Accounting...
Contractors Should Take A Closer Look at Site-Level Profitability
Assembling an Effective Financial Team
Contractors Can Remain Profitable in Down Market
The Pitfalls of Underbidding Projects
PRF Requirements Summary
Provider Relief Fund Recipient Q&A
Prepare, Recover, Emerge Stronger: A Roadmap for Financial Perseverance in Times...
CARES Act and Provider Relief Fund Single Audit
Back to Profitability: How Small Businesses Can Emerge Stronger from Crisis
Five Steps to Elevate Self Pay Patient Collections in Medical Practices
Planning for Possible Workforce Reductions
Drafting a Business Continuity Plan (BCP)
Tax Concerns for Self-Employed Individuals
Contractors Should Juice Up Working Capital in Volatile Times
When Essential Business Is Risky Business: Workers’ Comp & OSHA Considerations...
Getting Ahead of a Possible Recession – A Case Study
Virtual Meetings: Tips for Choosing the Right Technology and Conducting a...
Calculating Your Business Interruption Loss
Maintaining Financial Controls in a Disrupted, Remote-Work Environment
How to Increase Your Chances of a Successful Financial Statement Audit
Healthcare Organizations: Are You Ready for New Revenue Recognition Rules?
Managing Your Costs: It’s Tougher Than You Think
How to Maintain Proper Financial Controls when a Remote Work Environment...
Business Interruption Losses: Making an Insurance Claim
Business Interruption: Planning Your Next Steps and Setting Expectations
Cybersecurity Tips for Working From Home
Understanding the Basics of Business Interruption Claims
Stabilizing Your Business: Improvise, Adapt, Overcome
Government Entities: Plan, Protect, Adapt, Overcome
Make the Most Out of Your P&L
How to Arrange a Medical Practice Buy-Sell Agreement that Minimizes Disputes
Is a Captive Right for Your Organization?
Spring Cleaning Now Improves Business Performance All Year
Forensic Audits vs. Annual Audits: Taking a Proactive Approach to Protecting...
Automated Bank Reconciliation: An Instant Analysis for Your Business
5 Reasons Business Owners Prefer Outsourced Accounting
Unique Compliance Aspects of Risk Retention Groups
Thriving Under COVID: How the Best Companies Do More Than Just...
Improve Manufacturing Company Profitability
What’s Your Company’s Cash Flow?
Record Retention Schedule
Preparing for a Single Audit: Understanding the Requirements
A Grant Overview
Understanding Your Responsibilities Within Service Organizations
When Does a Hobby Become a Business?
Make Digital Assets Part of Your Estate Plan
What You Need to Know About the Home Office Deduction
Keeping a Close Eye on Medicare Fraud
Captive Insurance Basics
Privacy Policies and Data Security Keep Contributions Flowing for Not-for-Profit Organizations
8 Action Steps for Avoiding Nonprofit Online Presence Tax Traps
Building an Effective Nonprofit Audit Committee
Impressing Donors with Nonprofit Financial Information
Two Types of Government Termination Benefits
The Growing Threat of Cyberattacks in Manufacturing and How to Prevent...
Is Your Manufacturing Business Ready for the New Revenue Recognition Standard?
A Blueprint for Nonprofit Revenue Recognition Implementation
Protecting Your Company Against Executive Impersonation Fraud
Qualified Opportunity Zones: A Resource Guide
Clarifying Compliance: A Resource Guide for Healthcare Organizations
Living in a Post-Wayfair World
Citizen Centric Governmental Reporting
How Does Industry Affect Fraud Risk?
Cost-Effective Fraud Protection
Municipal Bond Arbitrage, Billy Ray Valentine, and What They Have in...
Disaster Recovery: Protect Your Assets With the Right Insurance
Don’t Let These 7 Tax Terms Scare You
Three Actions to Help Improve Your Collections Process
Acknowledgments of Nonprofit Donations
UPMIFA – That’s Not a Text
Balance Sheet Reconciliations: Focus on Internal Controls over Financial Reporting (ICFR)
Charitable Donation Documentation: 6 Answers to Know
Should Your HITRUST CSF Assessor Be a CPA Firm?
Closing a Nonprofit Organization
For Strong Data Security, Give Your Employees Some Backup
Understanding the Benefits of Engaging in a NIST CSF Assessment
Transfer Pricing and Not-For-Profits
Why Fair Value is Becoming a Popular “Celebrity” in the Accounting...
Bracing for Disaster? Prepare to Deduct Casualty Losses
Natural Disasters Can Affect Your Financial Statement, Too
The Importance of Conducting a Valuation of Your Small Business
How the SEC Bridges the Divide between GAAP and Non-GAAP Financial...
Use a Governmental Performance Audit to See If You Measure Up
Risk Management: Avoiding Crisis & Staying Afloat
Using Internal Controls to Keep a Record of Your Inventory: Storing...
The Fine Line Between Nonprofit Lobbying and Advocacy
4 Things the IRS Looks for in a Federal Tax-Exempt Application
Using Nonprofit Financial Statements for Future Planning
Implementing Nonprofit ERM Strategies
3 Common Questions & Answers: Nonprofit Audit Committee
Love, Marriage, and Uncle Sam: How Getting Married Affects Your Taxes
7 Benefits of Outsourcing a Not-for-Profit Organization’s Essential Bookkeeping and Payroll...
How the Internet Mystifies the Taxability of Qualified Sponsorship Payments
Tax Planning Reasons to Potentially Establish a Private Foundation
5 Exercises to Rehabilitate Retirement Funds
Manufacturing Product Costing
Financial Statement Preparation: 4 Steps to Power Up Business Performance Tracking
Is It Time for a Business Valuation?
What to Consider When Deciding Between a Calendar Year and a...
4 Benefits of a Government Audit Committee
Best Practices for Nonprofit Volunteer Management
Differentiating Between Independent Contractors and Employees
Captive Insurance Overview: Healthcare Provider Industry Highlights
Form 990 Marketing: Spotlight Your Nonprofit’s Efforts and Achievements
The Arm’s Length Principle: Protecting from the Rays of Transfer Pricing...
How to Properly Organize Your Tax Records
Where to Start When Creating a Business Plan
Small Business Compliance: Are You Sticking to the Law?
Five Steps to Prepare a Disaster Plan for Your Business
Restructuring Organizations Through Tax-Free Business Splits
Taking a Bite Out of Payroll Taxes
How to Protect Yourself from Tax Identity Theft
Anti-Money Laundering (AML) Implications of Human Trafficking
How Manufacturers Should Account for Excess Capacity
3 Questions to Find the Balance of a Seasonal Product Cycle
Opportunity Zones: Open for Business
How to Be Prepared With a Business Continuity Plan
What is a Governmental Component Unit?
4 Steps on the Path to Timely Payments
Understanding the Management’s Discussion and Analysis (MD&A) Disclosure
Six Common Nonprofit IRS Audit Triggers
The Evolution of the Bank Secrecy Act
Business Valuation Can Avoid a Merry-Go-Round During Divorce Proceedings
The Continued Importance of Risk Assessment for Financial Institutions
The Bank Secrecy Act/Anti-Money Laundering (BSA/AML) Audit Revisited
Opportunity Zones are Knocking: Should You Answer?
It’s Time to Review and Update Your Partnership Agreement
Using Internal Controls to Keep a Record of Your Inventory: Costing...
Clear Reliable Insights: GASB 87
How to Manage Supplier Costs and Keep Your Business Balanced
3 Ways Public Companies Can Iron Out Their SEC Audit Processes
Travel Guide for Your Start-Up’s Journey to Success
How to Become the Boss of Your Digital Assets
Steering Clear of Bookkeeper Liability Hazards
Four Must-Have Features When Selecting an Auditor
Will Your Cybersecurity Defense System Protect Your Organization?
“Yours, Mine, or Ours?”: Identifying and Valuing Marital Property
One Taxing Situation: South Dakota vs. Wayfair, Inc
IRS Correspondence Letter: Your New Pen Pal the IRS
Is Your Bank’s Audit Committee Reaching the Summit of their Potential?
Will Your Cost Segregation Methodology Hold Water With the IRS?
Understanding Terms Found in Common Business Interruption Policies
Business Interruption Claims Can Help Businesses “Resume Flight” Following Unexpected Disaster...
How the SEC Bridges the Divide Between GAAP and Non-GAAP Financial...
An Origin Story About Captives
Sail Smoothly Through Those Saving or Shredding Decisions
The Opportunities of Effective Risk Management
Keeping the “Business” in “Family Business”
How the Pooling Method Can Help Bring Your Property Value to...
Boost Your Bottom Line by Understanding Your Internal Audit
Why Strong Internal Controls Are Necessary for a Healthy Business
3 Governance Policies Every Business Should Have in Writing
Prescribing the Right Internal Controls for Your Business
Avoid the Punch of Ransomware
4 Business Seasons When You Should Consider a Virtual CFO or...
Whaling Cyberattacks: What You Need to Know
The Importance of Diversifying Your Customer Base
3 Reasons to Differentiate Between Controllable and Non-Controllable Costs
How to Maximize Business Sale and Successfully Exit
4 Simple Solutions to Improve Financial Reporting Timeliness without Breaking the...
8 Steps for Cleaning Up a Tax Return Identity Theft Train...
Unearthing Occupational Fraud in Your Business
Life Insurance Tax Strategies: Maximizing this Multi-Use Tool
Watch for These 3 Signs of Employee Fraud
Join Our Conversation
Subscribe to our e-communications to receive the latest accounting and advisory news and updates impacting you and your business.